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Physical therapist assistants work under the supervision of licensed physical therapists, providing rehabilitative services to clients who have lost mobility due to trauma or medical conditions. These assistants may train clients to increase function through exercise, perform therapeutic procedures and monitor patient development. This profession may be physically demanding; physical therapy assistants are often required to lift or move patients.
Physical therapy assistants may choose to specialize in a specific clinical field. The American Physical Therapy Association (APTA) certifies physical therapist specialists in seven areas, including aquatic, pediatric, cardiovascular and neuromuscular physical therapy. To be eligible for specialty certification, candidates must be APTA members with five years of work experience and significant continuing education credits. They must also submit proof of contributions to the profession and letters of reference.
Physical therapy assistants need a field-specific associate’s degree from a school accredited by the Commission on Accreditation and Physical Therapy Education and all but one state require licensure or certification.